- Number of deaths due to all cardiovascular diseases, including heart disease and strokes, per 100,000 population.
Cardiovascular Deaths is the 3-year average, age-adjusted number of deaths attributed to cardiovascular diseases, including but not limited to heart disease and stroke, per 100,000 population. The 2013 ranks are based on 2008 to 2010 multiple cause of death data from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The rates are age-adjusted using NCHS’s 2009 bridged-race population estimates. The following ICD-10 codes were used: I10-I15 (Hypertensive diseases); I20-I25 (Ischaemic heart diseases); I26-I28 (Pulmonary heart disease and diseases of pulmonary circulation); I30-I51 (other forms of heart disease); I60-I69 (cerebrovascular diseases); I70-I78 (Diseases of arteries, arterioles, and capillaries); I80-I89 (Diseases of veins, lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes, not elsewhere classified); and I95-I99 (Other and unspecified disorders of the circulatory system).
Cardiovascular deaths are an indication of the toll that cardiovascular disease places on the population. In the United States, heart disease and stroke are currently the leading and fourth leading causes of death, respectively. Cardiovascular disease accounts for 17 percent of medical spending and 30 percent of Medicare spending, adding up to nearly $150 billion annually. Cardiovascular disease is influenced by a long list of modifiable risk factors: smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, physical inactivity, poor diet, and obesity. Influencing 1 or more of these risk factors has the potential to greatly decrease the burden of cardiovascular disease. Million Hearts, an initiative to reduce this burden, aims to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes by 2017.
Deaths from cardiovascular disease vary from a low of 186.9 deaths per 100,000 population in Minnesota to 358.6 deaths per 100,000 population in Mississippi. The national average is 258.7 deaths per 100,000 population, down 6.2 deaths per 100,000 population from last year, down 39.5 deaths per 100,000 population from 5 years ago, and down 81.2 deaths per 100,000 population from 10 years ago.
Mortality data does not reflect the full burden of cardiovascular disease on the nation; despite the decline in cardiovascular mortality rates, more individuals are living longer lives with cardiovascular disease due to proper blood pressure control, cholesterol management, healthy eating, and other interventions. Reducing coronary heart disease deaths and stroke deaths are Healthy People 2020 objectives.
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