- Number of deaths due to cardiovascular disease, including heart disease and stroke, per 100,000 population.
Cardiovascular Deaths is the age-adjusted 3-year average number of deaths attributed to cardiovascular diseases, including but not limited to heart disease and stroke, per 100,000 population. The 2014 ranks are based on 2010 to 2012 data from the National Center for Health Statistics. The rates are age-adjusted using NCHS’s bridged-race estimates of the July 1 resident population from the 2011 county-level postcensal series. The following ICD-10 codes were used: I10-I15 (Hypertensive diseases); I20-I25 (Ischaemic heart diseases); I26-I28 (Pulmonary heart disease and diseases of pulmonary circulation); I30-I51 (other forms of heart disease); I60-I69 (cerebrovascular diseases); I70-I78 (Diseases of arteries, arterioles, and capillaries); I80-I89 (Diseases of veins, lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes, not elsewhere classified); and I95-I99 (Other and unspecified disorders of the circulatory system).
Deaths from cardiovascular disease vary from a low of 184.7 deaths per 100,000 population in Minnesota to 346.0 deaths per 100,000 population in Mississippi. The national average is 251.4 deaths per 100,000 population. Reducing coronary heart disease deaths and stroke deaths are Healthy People 2020 objectives.
Cardiovascular deaths are an indication of the toll that cardiovascular disease takes on the population. In the United States, heart disease and stroke are currently the leading and fourth leading causes of death, respectively. Cardiovascular disease accounts for 17% of medical spending and 30% of Medicare spending, adding up to nearly $200 billion annually in direct medical cost. Cardiovascular disease is influenced by a long list of modifiable risk factors including smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, obesity, low levels of physical inactivity, and poor diet. Influencing one or more of these risk factors has the potential to greatly decrease the burden of cardiovascular disease. An initiative to reduce this burden, Million Hearts, aims to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes by 2017.
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 Frieden TR, Berwick DM. (2011). The “Million Hearts” initiative — preventing heart attacks and strokes. N Engl J Med, 365(13), e27. doi:10.1056/NEJMp1110421.