Cancer Deaths measures the three-year average, age-adjusted number of deaths attributed to cancer per 100,000 population. Ranks are based on the most recently available 3 years of data from the National Center for Health Statistics and CDC. The rates are age-adjusted using NCHS’s bridged-race estimates of the July 1 resident population from the 2008 county-level postcensal series. The following ICD-10 codes were used: C00-C97 (Malignant neoplasms), D00-D09 (In situ neoplasms), D37-D48 (Neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior).
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States and the cancer death measure is an indication of the toll it places on the population. Cancer kills over half a million people a year and costs over $48 billion in direct medical costs. Significant opportunities exist to reduce the risk of developing some cancers and to prevent others. The CDC estimates that one third of all cancer deaths are attributable to tobacco use and another third are attributable to poor nutrition, physical inactivity, and obesity. Other types of cancer such as colon and cervical may be preventable through vaccinations, screening or early detection. More information on the cancer burden in the U.S. is available at http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/publications/AAG/dcpc.htm.
 Miniño AM, Murphy SL, Xu JQ, Kochanek KD. Deaths: Final data for 2008. National vital statistics reports; vol 59 no 10. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 201
 Tangka, F K. "Cancer treatment cost in the United States." Cancer 116.14 (2010):3477.
 American Cancer Society. Cancer prevention & early detection facts & figures 2012. American Cancer Society. 2012.
The measures tracked by America's Health Rankings are those actions that can affect the future health of the population. For a state to improve the health of its population, efforts must focus on these measures, these determinants of health.
|New Hampshire||23||191.9||View Actions|
|New Jersey||30||193.0||View Actions|
|New Mexico||5||170.0||View Actions|
|New York||8||177.6||View Actions|
|North Carolina||35||199.8||View Actions|
|North Dakota||16||186.6||View Actions|
|Rhode Island||25||192.5||View Actions|
|South Carolina||37||201.4||View Actions|
|South Dakota||9||180.8||View Actions|
|West Virginia||49||220.0||View Actions|