Cancer Deaths is the 3-year average, age-adjusted number of deaths attributed to cancer per 100,000 population. The 2013 ranks are based on 2008 to 2010 multiple cause of death data from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The rates are age-adjusted using NCHS’s bridged-race population estimates. The following ICD-10 codes were used: C00-C97 (Malignant neoplasms); D00-D09 (In situ neoplasms); and D37-D48 (Neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior).
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, and the cancer deaths measure is an indication of the toll it places on the population. Cancer kills more than 575 million people a year and costs over $48 billion in direct medical costs. Significant opportunities exist to reduce the risk of developing some cancers and to treat others. The CDC provides information on the cancer burden in the United States and estimates one third of all cancer deaths are attributable to tobacco use and another third are attributable to poor nutrition, physical inactivity, and obesity. Other types of cancer, such as colon and cervical, may be preventable through vaccinations, screening, and/or early detection.
Cancer mortality varies from a low of 141.3 cancer deaths per 100,000 population in Utah to 226.9 deaths per 100,000 population in Kentucky. The national average is 190.6 deaths per 100,000 population, unchanged from the 2012 Edition and a decrease of only 10 deaths per 100,000 population from the 2003 Edition. Cancer deaths peaked in 1996 when the national rate was 205.5 deaths per 100,000 population.
 Hoyert DL, Xu J. Deaths: Preliminary data for 2011. National Vital Statistics Reports. 2012;61(6).
 Tangka, FK. Cancer treatment cost in the United States. Cancer. 116.14 (2010):3477.
 American Cancer Society. Cancer Prevention & Early Detection Facts & Figures 2012. American Cancer Society. 2012.