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Iowa
Violent Crime
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Related Measures

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Violent Crime is the annual number of murders, rapes, robberies, and aggravated assaults per 100,000 population. The 2013 ranks are based on the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Crime in the United States: 2012.

The violent crime rate measures the effect that criminal behavior has on the population’s health, as violent crimes often lead to injuries, disability, or death. Violent crime also serves as an indicator of the overall well-being of a population since it can lead to psychological stress as well as interfere with healthy lifestyles by discouraging physical activity.[1][2] Violent crime has wide ranging effects on communities which only deteriorate the health of the community. In 2012, there were more than 1.2 million[3] acts of violent crime, an increase of 0.7 percent from the 2011 data, and nearly 15,000 homicides committed in the United States.[4] [5] In 2010, for the first time since 1965, homicide was not among the 15 leading causes of death for all ages. However, it is the 3rd leading cause of death among 15 to 24 year olds.[[4]] Violent crime carries a significant economic burden as well, with an estimated $65 billion in lost productivity and $6 billion in direct medical costs.[[5]] For decades violence prevention has been a priority among health officials. Numerous intervention strategies have been evaluated and many have been shown to be effective.[6] The violent crime rate is dependent upon many factors, some of which may be unique to certain communities. Therefore, addressing violent crime may require a thorough investigation of the root causes.

The violent crime rate varies from less than 200 offenses per 100,000 population in Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Virginia to more than 600 offenses per 100,000 population in Alaska, Nevada, and Tennessee. The national average is 387 offenses per 100,000 population, essentially unchanged from the updated 2012 Edition violent crime data.

Reducing homicides, sexual violence, and physical assaults are a few of Healthy People 2020’s several violence prevention objectives.

 



[1] Curry A. Pathways to depression: The impact of neighborhood violent crime on inner-city residents in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Social Science Medicine. 2008;67(1):23.

[2] Gomez JE. Violent crime and outdoor physical activity among inner-city youth. Prev Med. 2004;39(5):876.

[3] US Department of Justice. Crime in the United States, 2012. Released Fall 2013.

[4] Hoyert DL, Xu J. Deaths: Preliminary data for 2011. National Vital Statistics Reports. 2012;61(6).

[5] Corso PS. Medical costs and productivity losses due to interpersonal and self-directed violence in the United States. Am J Prev Med. 2007;32(6):474.

[6] Sherman LW, National Institute of Justice (US). Preventing crime what works, what doesn't, what's promising: A report to the United States Congress. Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs; 1998.

 

IA Violent Crime (1990-2013) see more
  • The number of murders, rapes, robberies and aggravated assaults per 100,000 population.

The measures tracked by America's Health Rankings are those actions that can affect the future health of the population. For a state to improve the health of its population, efforts must focus on these measures, these determinants of health.

STATE RANKINGS

State Changes
Over Time
Rank Value Take Action
1990 - Iowa graph 10 231 View Actions
1991 - Iowa graph 11 257 View Actions
1992 - Iowa graph 12 266 View Actions
1993 - Iowa graph 12 303 View Actions
1994 - Iowa graph 10 278 View Actions
1995 - Iowa graph 13 326 View Actions
1996 - Iowa graph 13 315 View Actions
1997 - Iowa graph 13 354 View Actions
1998 - Iowa graph 11 273 View Actions
1999 - Iowa graph 12 310 View Actions
2000 - Iowa graph 14 312 View Actions
2001 - Iowa graph 13 280 View Actions
2002 - Iowa graph 11 266 View Actions
2003 - Iowa graph 13 269 View Actions
2004 - Iowa graph 15 286 View Actions
2005 - Iowa graph 14 271 View Actions
2006 - Iowa graph 20 293 View Actions
2007 - Iowa graph 18 284 View Actions
2008 - Iowa graph 19 295 View Actions
2009 - Iowa graph 17 284 View Actions
2010 - Iowa graph 17 279 View Actions
2011 - Iowa graph 18 274 View Actions
2012 - Iowa graph 16 256 View Actions
  • 1990 - 2013
    Annual Report
  • 2013
    Senior Report

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