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Number of years of potential life lost prior to age 75 per 100,000 population.

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Premature Death: Vermont

Vermont Premature Death (1990-2013) see more
  • Number of years of potential life lost prior to age 75 per 100,000 population.

Premature Death

United States Premature Death (1990-2013) see more
  • Number of years of potential life lost prior to age 75 per 100,000 population.

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Overview

Premature Death is the age-adjusted loss of years of life due to death before age 75, [1] or YPLL-75. For example, the death of a 25-year-old would account for 50 years of lost life, while the death of a 60-year-old would account for 15 years. The 2013 ranks are based on 2010 mortality data from the National Center for Health Statistics.

Premature death is a measure of mortality that reflects the age of death for persons younger than 75 years of age. A person who dies very young contributes more towards the overall measure and causes it to increase more than someone who dies closer to age 75. Deaths occurring in younger people are more likely to be preventable than those occurring in older people and are often indicative of failures in the health care system and/or lifestyle factors. According to 2009 mortality data, cancer, unintentional injury, heart disease, suicide, and deaths occurring during the perinatal period are the top 5 causes of premature death in the United States.[2] Many of these causes of death are preventable through lifestyle modifications. Lung cancer is the largest contributor towards premature cancer deaths, and smoking cessation can greatly decrease the risk of lung cancer. Heart disease is tied to several modifiable risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, and physical inactivity. A variety of intervention strategies that encourage healthy lifestyles and preventative care can be effective in decreasing premature death.

Premature death varies from a low of 5,493 years lost per 100,000 population in Minnesota to 10,821 years lost per 100,000 population in Mississippi. Nationally, 6,981 years were lost before the age of 75 per 100,000 population, 170 fewer years lost than in the 2012 Edition. Premature death has slowly declined since the 2008 Edition, from 7,490 years lost before age 75 per 100,000 population to the current rate.



[1] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Premature mortality in the United States: Public health issues in the use of years of potential life lost. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1986;35(suppl 2):1S-11S.

[2] CDC/National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC). WISQARS Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) Report, 2009. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, NCIPC.