Text Size Aa Aa Aa
United States
Infant Mortality
  • Thematic Map
  • Related Measures
Watch the changes over time by selecting a year to start with and pressing play.

Related Measures

Explore the relations between ranking measures

  • Overview
  • Graph
  • Rankings


Infant Mortality measures the number of infant deaths that occur before age 1 per 1,000 live births. The ranks are based on a two-year average using the most recently available data from the National Center for Health Statistics.


Infant mortality is associated with many factors surrounding birth, including but not limited to: maternal health, prenatal care, and access to quality healthcare.[1] Congenital malformations are the leading cause of infant mortality followed closely by disorders related to preterm birth and low birthweight.[2] Infant mortality is commonly used to compare health between different countries because of its association with access to health care in the prenatal period and first year of life. The nation’s overall infant mortality rate is consistently higher than other developed countries, and significant racial and ethnic disparities exist.[3] The demographics of the mother are important predictors of infant mortality, with minority women and low socioeconomic status women having the highest rates. In addition to the demographic factors, there are also many health care system factors that influence infant mortality. Improving access to and utilization of ongoing prenatal care is a key strategy towards decreasing infant mortality, as well as reducing the teen birth rate and maternal smoking. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has put together a fact sheet on preventing infant mortality at www.hhs.gov/news/factsheet/infant.html.

[1] Singh GK, Yu SM. Infant mortality in the United States: Trends, differentials, and projections, 1950 through 2010. Am J Public Health. 1995;85(7):957-964.

[2] Mathews TJ. Infant mortality statistics from the 2006 period linked birth/infant death data set. National Vital Statistics Reports. 2010;58(17):1.

[3] MacDorman MF, and Mathews TJ. Recent Trends in Infant Mortality in the United States. Hyattsville, MD: US Dept. of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics; 2008.


USA Infant Mortality (1990-2013) see more
  • Number of infant deaths (before age 1) per 1,000 live births.

The measures tracked by America's Health Rankings are those actions that can affect the future health of the population. For a state to improve the health of its population, efforts must focus on these measures, these determinants of health.


State Changes
Over Time
Rank Value Take Action
Alabama graph 49 8.49 View Actions
Alaska graph 13 5.26 View Actions
Arizona graph 21 5.98 View Actions
Arkansas graph 41 7.52 View Actions
California graph 6 4.84 View Actions
Colorado graph 23 6.08 View Actions
Connecticut graph 15 5.39 View Actions
Delaware graph 46 7.77 View Actions
District of Columbia graph 0 8.84 View Actions
Florida graph 29 6.71 View Actions
Georgia graph 34 6.93 View Actions
Hawaii graph 24 6.15 View Actions
Idaho graph 10 5.13 View Actions
Illinois graph 30 6.82 View Actions
Indiana graph 45 7.73 View Actions
Iowa graph 4 4.73 View Actions
Kansas graph 27 6.61 View Actions
Kentucky graph 32 6.85 View Actions
Louisiana graph 48 8.18 View Actions
Maine graph 17 5.52 View Actions
Maryland graph 36 7.01 View Actions
Massachusetts graph 5 4.75 View Actions
Michigan graph 39 7.32 View Actions
Minnesota graph 2 4.55 View Actions
Mississippi graph 50 9.86 View Actions
Missouri graph 33 6.89 View Actions
Montana graph 19 5.88 View Actions
Nebraska graph 14 5.34 View Actions
Nevada graph 18 5.72 View Actions
New Hampshire graph 1 4.42 View Actions
New Jersey graph 8 4.97 View Actions
New Mexico graph 16 5.45 View Actions
New York graph 12 5.21 View Actions
North Carolina graph 40 7.47 View Actions
North Dakota graph 26 6.46 View Actions
Ohio graph 43 7.69 View Actions
Oklahoma graph 44 7.72 View Actions
Oregon graph 7 4.88 View Actions
Pennsylvania graph 37 7.22 View Actions
Rhode Island graph 28 6.63 View Actions
South Carolina graph 38 7.23 View Actions
South Dakota graph 30 6.82 View Actions
Tennessee graph 47 7.97 View Actions
Texas graph 22 6.05 View Actions
Utah graph 9 5.08 View Actions
Vermont graph 11 5.19 View Actions
Virginia graph 35 6.97 View Actions
Washington graph 3 4.70 View Actions
West Virginia graph 41 7.52 View Actions
Wisconsin graph 20 5.96 View Actions
Wyoming graph 25 6.35 View Actions
  • 1990 - 2013
    Annual Report
  • 2013
    Senior Report

Compare Statistics