Text Size Aa Aa Aa
United States
Violent Crime
  • Thematic Map
  • Related Measures
Watch the changes over time by selecting a year to start with and pressing play.

Related Measures

Explore the relations between ranking measures

  • Overview
  • Graph
  • Rankings

Violent Crime is the annual number of murders, rapes, robberies, and aggravated assaults per 100,000 population. The 2013 ranks are based on the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Crime in the United States: 2012.

The violent crime rate measures the effect that criminal behavior has on the population’s health, as violent crimes often lead to injuries, disability, or death. Violent crime also serves as an indicator of the overall well-being of a population since it can lead to psychological stress as well as interfere with healthy lifestyles by discouraging physical activity.[1][2] Violent crime has wide ranging effects on communities which only deteriorate the health of the community. In 2012, there were more than 1.2 million[3] acts of violent crime, an increase of 0.7 percent from the 2011 data, and nearly 15,000 homicides committed in the United States.[4] [5] In 2010, for the first time since 1965, homicide was not among the 15 leading causes of death for all ages. However, it is the 3rd leading cause of death among 15 to 24 year olds.[[4]] Violent crime carries a significant economic burden as well, with an estimated $65 billion in lost productivity and $6 billion in direct medical costs.[[5]] For decades violence prevention has been a priority among health officials. Numerous intervention strategies have been evaluated and many have been shown to be effective.[6] The violent crime rate is dependent upon many factors, some of which may be unique to certain communities. Therefore, addressing violent crime may require a thorough investigation of the root causes.

The violent crime rate varies from less than 200 offenses per 100,000 population in Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Virginia to more than 600 offenses per 100,000 population in Alaska, Nevada, and Tennessee. The national average is 387 offenses per 100,000 population, essentially unchanged from the updated 2012 Edition violent crime data.

Reducing homicides, sexual violence, and physical assaults are a few of Healthy People 2020’s several violence prevention objectives.


[1] Curry A. Pathways to depression: The impact of neighborhood violent crime on inner-city residents in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Social Science Medicine. 2008;67(1):23.

[2] Gomez JE. Violent crime and outdoor physical activity among inner-city youth. Prev Med. 2004;39(5):876.

[3] US Department of Justice. Crime in the United States, 2012. Released Fall 2013.

[4] Hoyert DL, Xu J. Deaths: Preliminary data for 2011. National Vital Statistics Reports. 2012;61(6).

[5] Corso PS. Medical costs and productivity losses due to interpersonal and self-directed violence in the United States. Am J Prev Med. 2007;32(6):474.

[6] Sherman LW, National Institute of Justice (US). Preventing crime what works, what doesn't, what's promising: A report to the United States Congress. Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs; 1998.


USA Violent Crime (1990-2013) see more
  • The number of murders, rapes, robberies and aggravated assaults per 100,000 population.

The measures tracked by America's Health Rankings are those actions that can affect the future health of the population. For a state to improve the health of its population, efforts must focus on these measures, these determinants of health.


State Changes
Over Time
Rank Value Take Action
Alabama graph 37 450 View Actions
Alaska graph 48 603 View Actions
Arizona graph 36 429 View Actions
Arkansas graph 40 469 View Actions
California graph 35 423 View Actions
Colorado graph 23 309 View Actions
Connecticut graph 19 283 View Actions
Delaware graph 45 547 View Actions
District of Columbia graph 0 1244 View Actions
Florida graph 43 487 View Actions
Georgia graph 30 379 View Actions
Hawaii graph 10 239 View Actions
Idaho graph 7 208 View Actions
Illinois graph 34 415 View Actions
Indiana graph 26 346 View Actions
Iowa graph 16 264 View Actions
Kansas graph 29 355 View Actions
Kentucky graph 8 223 View Actions
Louisiana graph 44 497 View Actions
Maine graph 1 123 View Actions
Maryland graph 42 477 View Actions
Massachusetts graph 31 406 View Actions
Michigan graph 39 455 View Actions
Minnesota graph 9 231 View Actions
Mississippi graph 15 261 View Actions
Missouri graph 38 451 View Actions
Montana graph 17 272 View Actions
Nebraska graph 14 259 View Actions
Nevada graph 49 608 View Actions
New Hampshire graph 3 188 View Actions
New Jersey graph 20 290 View Actions
New Mexico graph 47 559 View Actions
New York graph 32 407 View Actions
North Carolina graph 28 353 View Actions
North Dakota graph 11 245 View Actions
Ohio graph 22 300 View Actions
Oklahoma graph 41 469 View Actions
Oregon graph 12 248 View Actions
Pennsylvania graph 27 349 View Actions
Rhode Island graph 13 252 View Actions
South Carolina graph 46 559 View Actions
South Dakota graph 25 322 View Actions
Tennessee graph 50 644 View Actions
Texas graph 33 409 View Actions
Utah graph 6 206 View Actions
Vermont graph 2 143 View Actions
Virginia graph 4 190 View Actions
Washington graph 21 296 View Actions
West Virginia graph 24 316 View Actions
Wisconsin graph 18 281 View Actions
Wyoming graph 5 201 View Actions
  • 1990 - 2013
    Annual Report
  • 2013
    Senior Report

Compare Statistics