- Number of murders, rapes, robberies, and aggravated assaults per 100,000 population.
Violent Crime is the annual number of murders, rapes, robberies, and aggravated assaults per 100,000 population. The 2015 ranks are based on final 2013 Federal Bureau of Investigation data.
The violent crime rate varies from less than 200 offenses per 100,000 population in Maine, Vermont, and Virginia to more than 600 offenses per 100,000 population in Alaska, Nevada, and New Mexico. The national average is 368 offenses per 100,000 population, down from 387 offenses per 100,000 population last year.
Public Health Impact
The violent crime rate measures the effect that criminal behavior has on population health, as violent crimes may cause injuries, disability, death, and long-term stress in families and neighborhoods. Beyond creating neighborhood stress, violent crime interferes with healthy lifestyles by discouraging physical activity.- Exposure to violence in childhood is associated with increased risk of chronic diseases in adulthood such as heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.
In 2013 there were more than 1.1 million acts of violent crime —an increase of 4.4% from 2012—and more than 14,000 homicides in the US.3 In 2010—for the first time since 1965—homicide was not among the 15 leading causes of death for all ages; however, it remains the third-leading cause of death among 15 to 34 year olds. In 2007 violent crime’s estimated economic burden was $65 billion in lost productivity and $6 billion in direct medical costs.
Violence prevention has been a priority among health officials for decades,,, and numerous intervention strategies have been evaluated and shown to be effective. The violent crime rate is dependent upon many factors unique to individual communities. Therefore, addressing violent crime may require a thorough investigation of its root causes.
Healthy People 2020 has several goals related to violent crime including reducing homicides to 5.5 per 100,000 population and reducing physical assaults to 19.2 per 1,000 population.
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