- Number of murders, rapes, robberies, and aggravated assaults per 100,000 population.
|1243.7||District of Columbia|
Violent Crime is the annual number of murders, rapes, robberies, and aggravated assaults per 100,000 population. The 2014 ranks are based on 2012 Federal Bureau of Investigation data. The data that appear in this Edition are the same as appeared in the 2013 Edition. Updated violent crime data was not available at the time of this report.
The violent crime rate varies from less than 200 offenses per 100,000 population in Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Virginia to more than 600 offenses per 100,000 population in Alaska, Nevada, and Tennessee. The national average is 387 offenses per 100,000 population.
The violent crime rate measures the effect that criminal behavior has on the population’s health, as violent crimes may lead to injuries, disability, or death. Violent crime impacts the well-being of a population, as it can lead to psychological stress in exposed children, families and neighborhoods and interfere with healthy lifestyles by discouraging physical activity.- Violent crime has wide-ranging effects on communities which only deteriorate the health of the community. Exposure to violence in childhood is associated with increased risk of chronic diseases in adulthood such as heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. In 2012, there were more than 1.2 million acts of violent crime,  an increase of 0.7% from the 2011 data, and nearly 15,000 homicides committed in the United States. In 2010, for the first time since 1965, homicide was not among the 15 leading causes of death for all ages. However, it is the 3rd leading cause of death among 15 to 24 year olds. Violent crime carries a significant economic burden as well, with an estimated $65 billion in lost productivity and $6 billion in direct medical costs. For decades violence prevention has been a priority among health officials.,, Numerous intervention strategies have been evaluated and many have been shown to be effective. The violent crime rate is dependent upon many factors, many of which may be unique to communities. Therefore, addressing violent crime may require a thorough investigation of its root causes.
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