- The number of murders, rapes, robberies, and aggravated assaults per 100,000 population.
Violent Crime is the annual number of murders, rapes, robberies, and aggravated assaults per 100,000 population. The 2013 ranks are based on the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Crime in the United States: 2012.
The violent crime rate measures the effect that criminal behavior has on the population’s health, as violent crimes often lead to injuries, disability, or death. Violent crime also serves as an indicator of the overall well-being of a population since it can lead to psychological stress as well as interfere with healthy lifestyles by discouraging physical activity. Violent crime has wide ranging effects on communities which only deteriorate the health of the community. In 2012, there were more than 1.2 million acts of violent crime, an increase of 0.7 percent from the 2011 data, and nearly 15,000 homicides committed in the United States.  In 2010, for the first time since 1965, homicide was not among the 15 leading causes of death for all ages. However, it is the 3rd leading cause of death among 15 to 24 year olds.[] Violent crime carries a significant economic burden as well, with an estimated $65 billion in lost productivity and $6 billion in direct medical costs.[] For decades violence prevention has been a priority among health officials. Numerous intervention strategies have been evaluated and many have been shown to be effective. The violent crime rate is dependent upon many factors, some of which may be unique to certain communities. Therefore, addressing violent crime may require a thorough investigation of the root causes.
The violent crime rate varies from less than 200 offenses per 100,000 population in Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Virginia to more than 600 offenses per 100,000 population in Alaska, Nevada, and Tennessee. The national average is 387 offenses per 100,000 population, essentially unchanged from the updated 2012 Edition violent crime data.
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 US Department of Justice. Crime in the United States, 2012. Released Fall 2013.
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 Corso PS. Medical costs and productivity losses due to interpersonal and self-directed violence in the United States. Am J Prev Med. 2007;32(6):474.
 Sherman LW, National Institute of Justice (US). Preventing crime what works, what doesn't, what's promising: A report to the United States Congress. Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs; 1998.