IntroductionState SummariesAlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareDistrict of ColumbiaFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyomingUnited StatesAppendixMeasures TableData Source DescriptionsThe Team
American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation
This nonprofit organization creates programs to educate the public about the adverse health effects of smoking and secondhand smoke exposure. The foundation educates aboutthe dangers of smoking and secondhand smoke as well as the benefits of smokefree environments. The foundation produces lists and maps covering laws regarding clean air, e-cigarettes, marijuana and tobacco sales in pharmacies. Access data at Tobacco Control Laws Database.
America’s Health Rankings composite measure
Composite measures (presented as a weighted z-score) are calculated from multiple related measures at the topic and category level.
Brown University, Shaping Long-Term Care in America Project
This project is conducted at the Brown University Center for Gerontology and Healthcare Research and is supported, in part, by the National Institute on Aging. The project website provides long-term care data including facility and resident characteristics, plus long-term care policies by state, county and facility. Request data at www.ltcfocus.org.
Corporation for National & Community Service
This federal agency is a leader in service, volunteering and grant-making efforts in the United States. The agency’s Volunteering in America website has data on volunteering trends and demographics at national, state and city levels. Obtain senior state-level data by request to the corporation.
The State of Senior Hunger in America
This annual report documents the prevalence of food insecurity — ranging from marginal insecurity to very low security — among older Americans. It identifies geographic variation in food insecurity and provides national and state data. Find the report on the Feeding America website.
National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization (NHPCO)
NHPCO Facts and Figures
This is the nation’s largest membership organization for providers and professionals who care for people affected by life-limiting illness. The annual Facts and Figures report leverages Centers for Medicare & Medicaid hospice-claims data. Information provided includes hospice patient characteristics as well as location and level of care. Find the report on the NHPCO website.
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Characteristics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Households
The Food and Nutrition Service publishes this annual report, dating back to 1976. The report provides information about the demographic and economic circumstances of SNAP households each fiscal year. Find the report on the Food and Nutrition Service website.
U.S. Department of Commerce
U.S. Census Bureau
American Community Survey This ongoing survey provides information yearly about U.S. population demographics and housing. Access data using the data.census.gov interface.
Current Population Survey, Voter Registration The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics sponsor this ongoing survey. It provides information monthly about U.S. employment, earnings and education. Additionally, voting and registration data are available every two years following national elections. Access data at the U.S. Census Bureau’s Voting and Registration website.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Administration for Community Living (ACL), State Program Reports (SPR) The SPR provides data annually on Older Americans Act services. The ACL’s Aging, Independence, and Disability Program Data Portal is an online query system that provides multiple options to explore ACL and related data. Access data using the Data-at-a-Glance (SPR) interface.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) This is the nation’s largest phone-based population survey. The survey provides information about U.S. residents’ health-related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions and use of preventive services. Access data at the CDC BRFSS website.
CDC WONDER The CDC’s Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research is a query system for analyzing public-use data. Multiple Cause of Death files contain counts, rates and causes ofdeath as well as demographic information for U.S. residents based on death certificates. Access data using the CDC WONDER Multiple Cause of Death interface.
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)
This agency administers federal health care programs such as Medicare, Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program. CMS’s many projects include collecting and analyzing data as well as producing statistics, trends and research reports on health and health care. Access data at the CMS website.
National Plan and Provider Enumeration System This system is used to assign unique identifiers to health care providers and health plans as required by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. Access data at the National Provider Identifier (NPI) Registry, or NPI Registry.
Nursing Home Compare This website has detailed information about every U.S. Medicare- and Medicaid-certified nursing home as well as material on various quality measures, health inspections and staffing. Access data at the Nursing Home Compare website.
Office of Minority Health’s Mapping Medicare Disparities (MMD) Tool This office is a comprehensive source of information, offering data on eliminating health disparities and improving health of minority populations. The MMD tool features health outcome measures for disease prevalence, costs, hospitalization for 60 chronic conditions, emergency department use, readmissions rates, mortality, preventable hospitalizations and preventive services. Access data using the MMD Tool interface.
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy (CHAS)
The department’s Office of Policy Development and Research manages CHAS data from theAmerican Community Survey. These data demonstrate the extent of housing problems andneeds, particularly for low-income households. Access data using the CHAS interface.
U.S. Department of Justice
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
The FBI manages the Uniform Crime Reporting Program, a nationwide effort of nearly 18,000 city, university, college, county, state, tribal and federal law enforcement agencies voluntarily reporting data on reported crimes. The program’s annual Crime in the United States report includes the number and rate of violent and property crime offenses in the nation and by state. Access data at Crime in the United States website.
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
The bureau’s Occupational Employment Statistics Query System produces data — obtained using the annual Employment and Wages from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey — at the national, state and metropolitan levels. Access data at the Occupational Employment Statistics website.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
This agency performs federal research, monitoring, standard-setting and enforcement activities to ensure environmental protection. The agency publishes public and environmental health data. Obtain state-level data by request to the agency.
Enforcement and Compliance History
Online (ECHO), Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS) Online (ECHO), Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS) The ECHO website provides data detailing compliance assurance and enforcement activities related to federal environmental laws. National Safe Drinking Water Act data, compiled from the SDWIS database for public water systems, are available as a public-use dataset. Access data at the ECHO website.