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Poverty
Poverty in United States
United States

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United States Value:

12.8%

Percentage of households living below the federal poverty level

Poverty in depth:

Appears In:

Poverty by State

Percentage of households living below the federal poverty level




Poverty Trends

Percentage of households living below the federal poverty level

Trend: Poverty in United States, 2023 Annual Report

Percentage of households living below the federal poverty level

United States
Source:

 U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey

View All Populations

About Poverty

US Value: 12.8%

Top State(s): New Hampshire: 8.0%

Bottom State(s): Mississippi: 19.6%

Definition: Percentage of households living below the federal poverty level

Data Source and Years: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 2022

Suggested Citation: America's Health Rankings analysis of U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, United Health Foundation, AmericasHealthRankings.org, accessed 2023.

Poverty is a social determinant of health with intergenerational impacts. It is associated with poorer environmental conditions and health outcomes, as well as increased risk of mortality and chronic disease. Those with incomes below the federal poverty level may struggle to consistently meet basic needs such as stable housing, food and health care.

The percentage of individuals living below the poverty level is higher among:

Many federal, state and local government programs, as well as community interventions, exist to support and help reduce the number of people living in poverty. Some of them include:

Healthy People 2030 has several economic stability objectives, including a goal to reduce the proportion of people living in poverty.

Brady, David, Ulrich Kohler, and Hui Zheng. “Novel Estimates of Mortality Associated With Poverty in the US.” JAMA Internal Medicine 183, no. 6 (June 1, 2023): 618–19. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2023.0276.

Khullar, Dhruv, and Dave A. Chokshi. “Health, Income, & Poverty: Where We Are & What Could Help.” Health Affairs Health Policy Brief. Bethesda, MD: Project HOPE, October 4, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1377/hpb20180817.901935.

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