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Behaviors

Alcohol During Pregnancy

Percentage of women with a recent live birth who consumed alcohol during the last three months of pregnancy
CDC, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, 2015; CDPH, Maternal and Infant Health Assessment, 2015; IDHW, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Tracking System, 2015; South Dakota Department of Health (SDDH), Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System-like Report, 2014

Breastfed

Percentage of infants exclusively breastfed for six months
CDC, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, National Immunization Survey, 2014

Sleep Position

Percentage of women with a recent live birth who reported their infants are usually placed on their backs to sleep
CDC, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, 2015; CDPH, Maternal and Infant Health Assessment, 2015; IDHW, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Tracking System, 2015; SDDH, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System-like Report, 2014

Tobacco Use During Pregnancy

Percentage of mothers who used tobacco during pregnancy
CDC, National Vital Statistics System, 2015

Community & Environment

Household Smoke

Percentage of children aged 0 to 17 who live in households in which someone uses cigarettes, cigars or pipe tobacco
Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative (CAHMI), Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health, National Survey of Children’s Health, 2016

Infant Child Care Cost

Average cost for center-based infant care as a percentage of married-couple’s median income
Child Care Aware of America, 2017 Parents and the High Cost of Child Care, 2016

Policy

Baby-Friendly Facility

Percentage of live births occurring at facilities that adhere to 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding and are designated baby-friendly by Baby-Friendly USA
CDC, 2016 Breastfeeding Report Card, 2016

mPINC

Maternity Practices in Infant and Nutrition Care survey score based on seven birth facility policies and practices with higher scores denoting better maternity care practices and policies
CDC, 2016 Breastfeeding Report Card, 2015

Clinical Care

Low-Risk Cesarean Delivery

Percentage of singleton, term (37 or more weeks gestation), vertex (non-breech) cesarean deliveries to women having their first birth per 100 women delivering singleton, term, vertex, first births
CDC, National Vital Statistics System, 2015

Prenatal Care Before 3rd Trimester

Percentage of live births in which the mother began prenatal care between the 1st and 6th month of pregnancy
CDC, National Vital Statistics System, 2015

Well-Baby Check

Percentage of babies aged 0 to 2 years with a well-baby checkup in the past 12 months
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration’s Maternal and Child Health Bureau, National Survey of Children’s Health, 2016

Outcomes

Infant Mortality

Number of infant deaths (before age 1) per 1,000 live births
CDC, National Vital Statistics System, 2014-2015

Low Birthweight

Percentage of infants weighing less than 2,500 grams (5 pounds, 8 ounces) at birth
CDC, National Vital Statistics System, 2015

Neonatal Mortality

Number of deaths during first 28 days of life (0-27 days) per 1,000 live births
CDC, National Vital Statistics System, 2015-2016

Preterm Birth

Percentage of live births before 37 weeks gestation
CDC, National Vital Statistics System, 2015

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