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Behaviors

Breastfed

Percentage of infants exclusively breastfed for six months
Breastfeeding Report Card, 2015

Drinking Before Pregnancy

Percentage of women with a recent live birth who consumed alcohol during the three months before pregnancy
Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System or equivalent, 2017

Sleep Position

Percentage of women with a recent live birth who reported their infants are usually placed on their backs to sleep
Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System or equivalent, 2017

Tobacco Use During Pregnancy

Percentage of mothers who used tobacco during pregnancy
CDC WONDER Natality data, 2017

Community & Environment

Household Smoke

Percentage of children ages 0-17 who live in households in which someone uses cigarettes, cigars or pipe tobacco
National Survey of Children's Health, 2016-2017

Infant Child Care Cost

Average cost for center-based infant care as a percentage of married couple’s median income
Child Care Aware, The U.S. and the High Cost of Child Care: 2018

Policy

Baby-Friendly Facility

Percentage of live births occurring at facilities that adhere to 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding and are designated baby-friendly by Baby-Friendly USA
2018 Breastfeeding Report Card, 2018

mPINC*

Maternity Practices in Infant and Nutrition Care survey score based on seven birth facility policies and practices with higher scores denoting better maternity care policies and practices
2016 Breastfeeding Report Card, 2016

Clinical Care

Low-Risk Cesarean Delivery

Percentage of singleton, head first, term (37 or more completed weeks first births that were cesarean deliveries
CDC WONDER Natality data, 2017

Prenatal Care Before Third Trimester

Percentage of live births in which the mother began prenatal care between the First and sixth month of pregnancy
CDC WONDER Natality data, 2017

Well-Baby Check

Percentage of babies ages 0-2 who had a well-baby checkup in the past 12 months
National Survey of Children's Health, 2016-2017

Outcomes

Infant Mortality

Number of infant deaths (before age 1) per 1,000 live births
CDC WONDER Linked Birth/Infant Death data, 2015-2016

Low Birthweight

Percentage of infants weighing less than 2,500 grams (5 pounds, 8 ounces) at birth
CDC WONDER Natality data, 2017

Neonatal Mortality

Number of deaths during first 28 days of life (0-27 days) per 1,000 live births
CDC WONDER Mortality data, 2016-2017

Preterm Birth

Percentage of live births before 37 weeks gestation
CDC WONDER Natality data, 2017

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