Executive BriefIntroductionKey FindingsSocial and Economic FactorsPhysical EnvironmentClinical CareBehaviorsHealth OutcomesState SummariesAlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareDistrict of ColumbiaFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyomingUS SummaryAppendixMeasures TableData Source DescriptionsThe Team
America’s Health Rankings composite measures
Composite measures are calculated to provide summary information for multiple measures within a topic or model category. These measures are presented as the sum of weighted z-scores of the ranked measures.
American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation
This nonprofit organization creates programs to educate the public about the adverse health effects of smoking and secondhand smoke exposure as well as the benefits of smokefree environments. The foundation produces lists and maps covering laws regarding clean air, e-cigarettes, marijuana and tobacco sales in pharmacies.
Brown University, Shaping Long-Term Care in America Project
This project is conducted at the Brown University Center for Gerontology and Healthcare Research and is supported, in part, by the National Institute on Aging. The project website provides data on facility, resident and market characteristics as well as state long-term care policies by state, county or facility.
Corporation for National & Community Service
This agency engages more than 5 million Americans in service through its core programs — Senior Corps, AmeriCorps and the Social Innovation Fund. As the nation’s largest grantmaker for service and volunteering, the agency plays a critical role in strengthening America’s nonprofit sector and addressing the nation’s challenges through service.
The State of Senior Hunger in America
This annual report documents the prevalence of food insecurity — ranging from marginal insecurity to very low security — among older adults in the United States. It identifies the geographic socio-demographic variation in food insecurity based on data from the December Supplement to the Current Population Survey. Data for this year’s report was provided via a special request to the authors.
National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization (NHPCO)
NHPCO Facts and Figures
This is the nation’s largest membership organization for providers and professionals who care for people affected by serious and life-limiting illnesses. The annual NHPCO Facts and Figures report leverages Centers for Medicare & Medicaid hospice claims data. Information provided includes hospice patient characteristics, location and care level.
U.S. Census Bureau
American Community Survey
This ongoing survey provides information yearly about population demographics and housing in the nation. Data collected in the survey help determine how federal and state funds are distributed each year.
Current Population Survey
Voting and Registration Supplement
This ongoing survey, sponsored jointly by the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, provides information monthly about employment, earnings and education in the nation. The Voting and Registration Supplement collects data on how many Americans register and vote, in addition to other characteristics such as age, gender and race/ethnicity.
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Food and Nutrition Services
Characteristics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Households.
This annual report series, dating from 1976, provides information about the demographic and economic circumstances of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program households each fiscal year.
Economic Research Service
This agency provides economic research, data and analysis on topics such as agriculture, nutrition and rural America. Each year, the agency presents its research through briefings, special studies for policymakers and staff, market analysis updates and major reports.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Administration for Community Living (ACL)
State Program Reports
This administration advocates for older adults, people with disabilities and families as well as caregivers. The ACL funds services and support efforts provided primarily by states and networks of community-based programs, and it invests in training, education, research and innovation. The State Program Reports is one of several administrative data sets of the Administration on Aging. It provides data annually on Older Americans Act services.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
This is the nation’s largest phone-based population survey. The survey provides self-reported information about U.S. residents’ health-related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions and use of preventive services.
CDC WONDER Mortality and Single-Race Population Estimates
The CDC Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research is a query system for analyzing public-use data. Multiple Cause of Death files contain counts, rates and causes of death, as well as demographic information for U.S. residents based on death certificates. Data are produced by the National Center for Health Statistics. The single-race population estimates are based on Census Bureau data released annually on the resident population of the U.S., with six categories of race as defined by the 1997 Office of Management and Budget’s standards.
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
This agency administers the nation’s major health care programs such as Medicare, Medicaid, and the Children’s Health Insurance Program. The Centers’ many projects collect and analyze data as well as produce statistics, trends and research reports on various health and health care topics.
Office of Minority Health’s Mapping Medicare Disparities (MMD) Tool
This office is a comprehensive source of information, offering data on eliminating health disparities and improving the health of minority populations.
National Plan and Provider Enumeration System
This is a system used to assign unique identifiers to health care providers and health plans as required by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996.
Nursing Home Compare
This website has detailed information about every Medicare- and Medicaid-certified nursing home in the country. Users can find detailed information for various quality measures, health inspections and staffing.
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
Office of Policy Development and Research Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy (CHAS)
This office manages data on housing markets, needs and programs to support HUD and inform policy. CHAS data are custom tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. These data demonstrate the extent of housing problems and needs, particularly for low-income households.
U.S. Department of Justice
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
The FBI manages the Uniform Crime Reporting Program, a nationwide effort of nearly 18,000 city, university and college, county, state, tribal and federal law enforcement agencies voluntarily submitting data on reported crimes. The program’s annual Crime in the United States report includes the number and rate of violent and property crime offenses in the nation and by state.
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
The Bureau’s Occupational Employment Statistics Query System produces data — obtained from the annual Employment and Wages from Occupational Employment Statistics survey — at the national, state and metropolitan level.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
This agency performs various federal research, monitoring, standard-setting and enforcement activities to ensure environmental protection. State-level air pollution data are obtained via a special request to the agency.
Enforcement and Compliance History Online (ECHO)
The ECHO tool provides data detailing compliance, assurance and enforcement activities related to federal environmental laws. National Safe Drinking Water Act data, compiled from the Safe Drinking Water Information System database for public water systems, are available as a public-use data set.