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Postpartum Visit, 2019 Health Of Women And Children Report
Measure: Postpartum Visit, 2019 Health Of Women And Children Report

Why does this matter?

The days and weeks after childbirth are a critical time for the care of both mother and newborn. During this time period, new mothers are experiencing many physical, social and psychological changes. Because of this, it is important that women who recently gave birth receive postpartum checkups. Postpartum visits may improve a mother’s mental health, particularly for women at high risk of family dysfunction or postpartum depression.

At a postpartum visit, health care providers and patients may discuss

  • Timing of future pregnancies and contraceptive options.
  • Pregnancy complications.
  • Mental health, including postpartum depression.
  • Concerns about infant care.
  • Care referrals for preexisting or developing medical conditions, such as diabetes, obesity and hypertension.
  • The transition to well-woman care. 
  • Sexual health and relationship development.
  • CDC, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System or state equivalent, 2017

Publicly-Funded Women's Health Services, 2019 Health Of Women And Children Report
Measure: Publicly-funded Women's Health Services, 2019 Health Of Women And Children Report

Why does this matter?

Publicly-funded women’s health services provide women with support to stay healthy, avoid unplanned pregnancy and prepare for a healthy pregnancy. Publicly-funded women’s health services include:

  • Contraceptive care to avoid unplanned pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy testing.
  • Preventive care to avoid cases of cervical cancer, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections and to prevent preterm births and low birthweight.
  • Family planning to assist women and couples the opportunity to plan, delay and space pregnancies to achieve personal family planning goals. 

All the publicly-supported family planning services in the United States resulted in net public sector savings of $13.6 billion in 2010 — a taxpayer savings of over $7 per every public dollar invested.

  • Guttmacher Institute, Publicly Supported Family Planning Services in the United States: Likely Need, Availability and Impact, 2014

Uninsured Women, 2019 Health Of Women And Children Report
Measure: Uninsured Women, 2019 Health Of Women And Children Report

Why does this matter?

Health insurance is a critical factor in ensuring women receive the preventive and medical care they need to achieve and maintain good health. Benefits of public or private health insurance coverage include better: 

  • Access to and use of preventive and routine health care.
  • Quality of health care.
  • Health outcomes.

Compared with insured women, uninsured women have more health disadvantages, including:

  • Inadequate access to care.
  • Lower standard of care when in the health care system. 
  • Unmet need for medical care due to cost.
  • Less use of recommended preventive services such as mammograms and Pap tests for cancer screening.
  • Higher rates of cancer mortality and greater risk of a late-stage cancer diagnosis.

Between the implementation of the Affordable Care Act in 2010 and 2018, the proportion of women of reproductive age who were uninsured declined 40%. States that expanded Medicaid had the greatest declines in their proportion of uninsured women with a notable 52% decrease, compared with the 27% decline seen in states that did not expand Medicaid.

  • U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 2017

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