America's Health Rankings, United Health Foundation Logo


Low Disparities1

  • Between metropolitan2 and non-metropolitan2 areas for uninsured
  • Between Hispanic3 and Asian/Pacific Islander3 for low birthweight
  • Between females2 and males2 for less than a high school education

High Disparities

  • Between American Indian/Alaska Native2 and Asian/Pacific Islander3 for premature death
  • Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for high health status
  • Between Hispanic2 and white3 for child poverty

[1] Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
[2] Rates worse than national average.
[3] Rates same or better than national average.


  • 19% decrease in Infant Mortality in Hispanic infants between 2003-2006 and 2015-2018 from 6.7 to 5.4 infant deaths (before age 1) per 1,000 live births
  • 36% decrease in those with Less Than a High School Education in the multiracial population between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 10.4% to 6.7%
  • 28% in Avoided Care Due to Cost in Hispanic adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 28.1% to 20.2%
  • 35% increase in Frequent Mental Distress in college graduate adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 5.8% to 7.8%
  • 82% increase in Food Insecurity in households headed by a college graduate between 2003-2007 and 2015-2019 from 3.4% to 6.2%
  • 23% increase in Child Poverty in white children between 2005- 2009 and 2015-2019 from 9.2% to 11.3%


Income Inequality

Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In Arizona, income inequality has decreased since 2011. Arizona’s ratio is currently lower than the national ratio.

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