America's Health Rankings, United Health Foundation Logo


Low Disparities1

  • Between females3 and males3 for unemployment
  • Between Hispanic2 and multiracial3 for excessive drinking
  • Between those with a high school education2 and college graduates3 for cancer

High Disparities

  • Between Black2 and Hispanic3 for premature death
  • Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for high health status
  • Between Hispanic2 and white2 for less than a high school education

[1] Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
[2] Rates worse than national average.
[3] Rates same or better than national average.


  • 16% decrease in Premature Death in the Hispanic population between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 4,279 to 3,590 years of potential life lost before age 75 per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
  • 47% decrease in Unemployment in Hispanic civilians between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 7.1% to 3.8%
  • 45% decrease in Avoided Care Due to Cost in Black adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 30.1% to 16.7%
  • 33% increase in Diabetes in those with less than a high school education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 14.7% to 19.6%
  • 122% increase in Food Insecurity in households headed by a college graduate between 2003-2007 and 2015-2019 from 2.7% to 6.0%
  • 19% increase in Diabetes in the white population between 2011- 2013 and 2017-2019 from 11.1% to 13.2%


Income Inequality

Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In Arkansas, income inequality has decreased since 2011. Arkansas’ ratio is currently lower than the national ratio.

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