Executive BriefIntroductionDesignNational FindingsKey FindingsSocial and Economic FactorsPhysical EnvironmentClinical CareBehaviorsHealth OutcomesState SummariesAlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareDistrict of ColumbiaFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyomingU.S. SummaryAppendixMeasuresData SourcesMethodologyNational Advisory CommitteeThe Team
Between females3 and males3 for unemployment
Between those with less than a high school education3 and high school graduates3 for excessive drinking
Between metropolitan2 and non-metropolitan3 areas for low birthweight
- Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for high health status
- Between American Indian/Alaska Native2 and Asian/Pacific Islander3 for smoking
- Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for physical inactivity
 Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
 Rates worse than national average.
 Rates same or better than national average.
- 22% decrease in Infant Mortality in Black infants between 2003- 2006 and 2015-2018 from 15.8 to 12.4 infant deaths (before age 1) per 1,000 live births
- 44% decrease in Unemployment in Hispanic civilians between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 9.4% to 5.3%
- 28% decrease in Smoking in Black adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 28.5% to 20.5%
- 28% increase in Premature Death in the Asian/Pacific Islander population between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 2,156 to 3,032 years of potential life lost before age 75 per 100,000
- 68% increase in Food Insecurity in households headed by an adult with some college education between 2003-2007 and 2015-2019 from 9.1% to 15.3%
- 20% increase in Multiple Chronic Conditions in adults with a college degree between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 5.4% to 6.5%
Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In Indiana, income inequality has decreased since 2011. Indiana’s ratio is currently lower than the national ratio.