Executive BriefIntroductionDesignNational FindingsKey FindingsSocial and Economic FactorsPhysical EnvironmentClinical CareBehaviorsHealth OutcomesState SummariesAlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareDistrict of ColumbiaFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyomingU.S. SummaryAppendixMeasuresData SourcesMethodologyNational Advisory CommitteeThe Team
- Between females2 and males2 for diabetes
- Between metropolitan3 and non-metropolitan3 areas for uninsured
- Between those with less than a high school education3 and some college education3 for dedicated health care provider
- Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for physical inactivity
- Between Hispanic2 and white3 for dedicated health care provider
- Between females2 and males3 for depression
 Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
 Rates worse than national average.
 Rates same or better than national average.
- 47% decrease in Avoided Care Due to Cost in Black adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 22.8% to 12.2%
- 35% decrease in Unemployment in Hispanic civilians between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 6.8% to 4.4%
- 15% decrease in Smoking in white adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 27.8% to 23.7%
- 41% increase in Food Insecurity in households headed by an adult with less than a high school education between 2003-2007 and 2015-2019 from 22.8% to 32.2%
- 13% increase in Physical Inactivity in female adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 31.3% to 35.5%
- 45% increase in Diabetes in adults with less than a high school education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 15.0% to 21.8%
Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In Kentucky, income inequality has decreased since 2011. Kentucky’s ratio is currently higher than the national ratio.