Summary

Low Disparities1

  • Between females3 and males3 for child poverty
  • Between Asian/Pacific Islander3 and Hispanic3 for low birthweight
  • Between metropolitan3 and non-metropolitan3 areas for unemployment

High Disparities

  • Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for smoking
  • Between Black2 and white3 for child poverty
  • Between white2 and American Indian/Alaska Native2 for frequent mental distress

[1] Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
[2] Rates worse than national average.
[3] Rates same or better than national average.

Highlights

  • 20% decrease in Smoking in female adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 18.9% to 15.1%
  • 31% decrease among those with Less Than a High School Education in non- metropolitan areas between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 12.0% to 8.3%
  • 23% decrease in Child Poverty in children in metropolitan areas between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 15.4% to 11.8%
  • 33% increase in Multiple Chronic Conditions in male adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 9.7% to 12.9%
  • 26% increase in Physical Inactivity in college graduates between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 11.3% to 14.2%
  • 9% decrease in High Health Status in adults with a high school education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 48.1% to 43.6%

Trends


Income Inequality

Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In Maine, income inequality has decreased since 2011. Maine’s ratio is currently lower than the national ratio.

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