America's Health Rankings, United Health Foundation Logo


Low Disparities1

  • Between females3 and males3 for less than a high school education
  • Between white3 and Hispanic3 for low birthweight
  • Between metropolitan3 and non-metropolitan3 areas for uninsured

High Disparities

  • Between Hispanic2 and white3 for less than a high school education
  • Between American Indian/Alaska Native2 and Asian/Pacific Islander3 for smoking
  • Between Black2 and white3 for child poverty

[1] Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
[2] Rates worse than national average.
[3] Rates same or better than national average.


  • 10% decrease in Excessive Drinking in adults with some college education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 25.8% to 23.2%
  • 45% decrease in Unemployment in Black civilians between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 14.6% to 8.1%
  • 29% decrease in Smoking in college graduates between 2011- 2013 and 2017-2019 from 8.0% to 5.7%
  • 33% increase in Diabetes in adults with some college education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 6.9% to 9.2%
  • 54% increase in Infant Mortality in Asian/Pacific Islander infants between 2003-2006 and 2015-2018 from 4.3 to 6.6 deaths (before age 1) per 1,000 live births.
  • 9% increase in Physical Inactivity in adults with a high school education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 26.9% to 29.4%


Income Inequality

Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In Minnesota, income inequality has decreased since 2011. Minnesota’s ratio is currently lower than the national ratio.

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