Executive BriefIntroductionDesignNational FindingsKey FindingsSocial and Economic FactorsPhysical EnvironmentClinical CareBehaviorsHealth OutcomesState SummariesAlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareDistrict of ColumbiaFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyomingU.S. SummaryAppendixMeasuresData SourcesMethodologyNational Advisory CommitteeThe Team
- Between females3 and males3 for child poverty
- Between metropolitan3 and non-metropolitan2 areas for uninsured
- Between metropolitan3 and non-metropolitan3 areas for less than a high school education
- Between American Indian/Alaska Native2 and white3 for smoking
- Between less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for physical inactivity
- Between American Indian/Alaska Native2 and white3 for child poverty
 Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
 Rates worse than national average.
 Rates same or better than national average.
- 10% increase in Flu Vaccination in white adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 36.2% to 39.9%
- 39% decrease among those with Less Than a High School Education in the American Indian/Alaska Native population between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 22.8% to 13.9%
- 30% decrease in Avoided Care Due to Cost in female adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 16.5% to 11.5%
- 22% increase in Low Birthweight in American Indian/Alaska Native infants between 2003-2006 and 2016-2019 from 7.4% to 9.0%
- 27% increase in Frequent Mental Distress in adults with some college education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 10.3% to 13.1%
- 14% increase in Depression in female adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 25.4% to 28.9%
Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In Montana, income inequality has increased since 2011. Montana’s ratio is currently lower than the national ratio.