Executive BriefIntroductionDesignNational FindingsKey FindingsSocial and Economic FactorsPhysical EnvironmentClinical CareBehaviorsHealth OutcomesState SummariesAlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareDistrict of ColumbiaFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyomingU.S. SummaryAppendixMeasuresData SourcesMethodologyNational Advisory CommitteeThe Team
- Between females2 and males2 for less than a high school education
- Between metropolitan3 and non-metropolitan3 areas for low birthweight
- Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for asthma
- Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for physical inactivity
- Between females3 and males2 for excessive drinking
- Between Hispanic2 and white3 for severe housing problems
 Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
 Rates worse than national average.
 Rates same or better than national average.
- 24% decrease in Depression in adults with less than a high school education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 23.0% to 17.6%
- 34% decrease in Unemployment in multiracial civilians between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 10.7% to 7.1%
- 28% decrease in Smoking in Black adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 18.7% to 13.5%
- 27% increase in Food Insecurity in households headed by an adult with less than a high school education between 2003-2007 and 2015-2019 from 19.5% to 24.8%
- 18% increase in Poverty in households headed by an adult with a high school education between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 15.3% to 18.1%
- 9% increase in Low Birthweight in Asian/Pacific Islander infants between 2003-2006 and 2016-2019 from 7.9% to 8.6%
Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In New York, income inequality has increased since 2011. New York’s ratio is currently higher than the national ratio.