Executive BriefIntroductionDesignNational FindingsKey FindingsSocial and Economic FactorsPhysical EnvironmentClinical CareBehaviorsHealth OutcomesState SummariesAlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareDistrict of ColumbiaFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyomingU.S. SummaryAppendixMeasuresData SourcesMethodologyNational Advisory CommitteeThe Team
- Between females3 and males2 for unemployed
- Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for cancer
- Between metropolitan2 and non-metropolitan2 areas for uninsured
- Between Black2 and Asian/Pacific Islander3 for child poverty
- Between females3 and males2 for dedicated health care provider
- Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for physical inactivity
 Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
 Rates worse than national average.
 Rates same or better than national average.
- 16% decrease in Smoking in adults with some college education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 23.2% to 19.5%
- 39% decrease in Unemployment in civilians in non-metropolitan areas between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 7.8% to 4.8%
- 29% decrease Avoided Care Due to Cost in Black adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 20.0% to 14.2%
- 27% increase in Multiple Chronic Conditions in college graduates between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 4.8% to 6.1%
- 13% increase in Poverty in households headed by an adult with less than a high school education between 2005- 2009 and 2015-2019 from 29.4% to 33.3%
- 16% increase in Cancer in white adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 6.8% to 7.9%
Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In Ohio, income inequality has decreased since 2011. Ohio’s ratio is currently lower than the national ratio.