Executive BriefIntroductionDesignNational FindingsKey FindingsSocial and Economic FactorsPhysical EnvironmentClinical CareBehaviorsHealth OutcomesState SummariesAlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareDistrict of ColumbiaFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyomingU.S. SummaryAppendixMeasuresData SourcesMethodologyNational Advisory CommitteeThe Team
- Between metropolitan2 and non-metropolitan2 areas for low birthweight
- Between females3 and males2 for less than a high school education
- Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for cancer
- Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for physical inactivity
- Between American Indian/Alaska Native2 and Asian/Pacific Islander3 for high health status
- Between Hispanic2 and white3 for dedicated health care provider
 Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
 Rates worse than national average.
 Rates same or better than national average.
- 31% decrease in Infant Mortality in Black infants between 2003-2006 and 2015-2018 from 16.3 to 11.3 deaths (before age 1) per 1,000 live births
- 44% decrease in Unemployment in Hispanic civilians between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 8.1% to 4.5%
- 36% decrease in Smoking in college graduates between 2011- 2013 and 2017-2019 from 10.9% to 7.0%
- 43% increase in Food Insecurity in households headed by an adult with less than a high school education between 2003-2007 and 2015-2019 from 18.8% to 26.9%
- 58% increase in Asthma in male adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 5.0% to 7.9%
- 55% increase in Excessive Drinking in female adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 7.3% to 11.3%
Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In Tennessee, income inequality has decreased since 2011. Tennessee’s ratio is currently lower than the national ratio.