Executive BriefIntroductionDesignNational FindingsKey FindingsSocial and Economic FactorsPhysical EnvironmentClinical CareBehaviorsHealth OutcomesState SummariesAlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareDistrict of ColumbiaFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyomingU.S. SummaryAppendixMeasuresData SourcesMethodologyNational Advisory CommitteeThe Team
- Between metropolitan3 and non-metropolitan3 areas for poverty
- Between females3 and males3 for physical inactivity
- Between those with a high school education3 and college graduates2 for cancer
- Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for unemployment
- Between American Indian/Alaska Native2 and Hispanic3 for smoking
- Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for multiple chronic conditions
 Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
 Rates worse than national average.
 Rates same or better than national average.
- 23% decrease in Smoking in adults with less than a high school education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 39.4% to 30.2%
- 39% decrease in Unemployment in civilians in non-metropolitan areas between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 5.7% to 3.5%
- 24% decrease in Avoided Care Due to Cost in adults with a high school education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 11.8% to 9.0%
- 11% increase in Premature Death in the white population between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 6,212 to 6,920 years of potential life lost before age 75 per 100,000
- 26% increase in Poverty in male-headed households between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 7.6% to 9.6%
- 21% increase in Diabetes in male adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 8.1% to 9.8%
Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In Vermont, income inequality has increased since 2011. Vermont’s ratio is currently lower than the national ratio.