Executive BriefIntroductionDesignNational FindingsKey FindingsSocial and Economic FactorsPhysical EnvironmentClinical CareBehaviorsHealth OutcomesState SummariesAlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareDistrict of ColumbiaFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyomingU.S. SummaryAppendixMeasuresData SourcesMethodologyNational Advisory CommitteeThe Team
- Between females3 and males3 for unemployment
- Between those with a high school education3 and college graduates3 for cancer
- Between non-metropolitan2 and metropolitan3 areas for low birthweight
- Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for physical inactivity
- Between Hispanic2 and white3 for dedicated health care provider
- Between non-metropolitan2 and metropolitan3 areas for premature death
 Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
 Rates worse than national average.
 Rates same or better than national average.
- 26% decrease in Avoided Care Due to Cost in Black adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 20.0%to 14.8%
- 37% decrease among those with Less Than a High School Education in non-metropolitan areas between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 25.2% to 15.9%
- 26% decrease in Smoking in female adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 18.0% to 13.3%
- 19% increase in Depression in white adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 17.3% to 20.5%
- 22% increase in Poverty in male-headed households between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 6.0% to 7.3%
- 26% increase in Multiple Chronic Conditions in adults with some college education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 8.0% to 10.1%
Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In Virginia, income inequality has increased since 2011. Virginia’s ratio is currently lower than the national ratio.