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Executive SummaryIntroductionExplore the Health of Women, Children and InfantsFindingsThe Health of Women and Children between StatesThe Health of Women and Children within StatesHealthy Communities for ChildrenClinical Preventive Services for ChildrenRacial Disparities in Measures of MortalityVariations in SmokingMeasures of Women's HealthBehaviors | Measures of Women’s HealthCommunity & Environment | Measures of Women’s HealthPolicy | Measures of Women’s HealthClinical Care | Measures of Women’s HealthOutcomes | Measures of Women’s HealthMeasures of Infants' HealthBehaviors | Measures of Infants’ HealthCommunity & Environment | Measures of Infants’ HealthPolicy | Measures of Infants’ HealthClinical Care | Measures of Infants’ HealthOutcomes | Measures of Infants’ HealthMeasures of Children's HealthBehaviors | Measures of Children’s HealthCommunity & Environment | Measures of Children’s HealthPolicy | Measures of Children’s HealthClinical Care | Measures of Children’s HealthOutcomes | Measures of Children’s HealthState SummariesAlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyomingDistrict of ColumbiaUnited StatesAppendixData Sources and Measures of Women’s HealthData Sources and Measures of Infants’ HealthData Sources and Measures of Children’s HealthMethodologyModel DevelopmentAmerica’s Health Rankings® Health of Women and Children Steering GroupThe Team
The majority of US infants and children are receiving key recommended preventive services with 9 out of 10 babies and 8 out of 10 children receiving their recommended baby and adolescent well-visits with a health care provider.
Within the recommended series of early childhood vaccines, more than 90% of children are receiving vaccinations for polio (93%), measles (MMR) (92%), Hepatitis B (92%), and chicken pox (91%). Source: CDC, National Immunization Survey, 2014
Nationally, the measures of clinical preventive services for infants and children examined by race/ethnicity and household income level do not vary as much as the measures of community & environment. For example, there is less variation by race/ethnicity at each income level in the percentage of babies who receive well-baby checks during their first two years (Figure 9) and the percentage of adolescents who receive well-visits (Figure 10). However, significant [†] difference is present in both measures between the lowest (<100% FPL) and the highest (>=400% FPL) income groups across race/ethnicity. In addition, little variation is seen in the percentage of developmental screening (Figure 11) by race/ethnicity and income, even though levels of screening are low across all three race/ethnicity groups.
† Significance based on non-overlapping 95% confidence intervals, ∝= 0.05


FIGURE 9 Percentage of Babies with a Well-Baby Check by Race/Ethnicity and Household IncomeDownload the PDF for details



Figure 10 - Percentage of Children with an Adolescent Well-Visit by Race/Ethnicity and Household IncomeDownload the PDF for details



Figure 11 - Percentage of Children with a Developmental Screening by Race/Ethnicity and Household IncomeDownload the PDF for details



Figure 12 - Percentage of Children with Home Health Visits by Race/Ethnicity and Household IncomeDownload the PDF for details


In contrast to services provided in a clinic or hospital, home health visits are provided in the home to remove access barriers related to cost and location. This focused intervention is targeted at children in low-income households. For home health visits, the percentage is greatest among Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, and non-Hispanic black low-income households (<100% FPL) (Figure 12).

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