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Postpartum Depression
Postpartum Depression in Louisiana

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Louisiana Value:


Percentage of women with a recent live birth who reported experiencing depressive symptoms

Postpartum Depression by State

Percentage of women with a recent live birth who reported experiencing depressive symptoms

Postpartum Depression Trends

Percentage of women with a recent live birth who reported experiencing depressive symptoms

Trend: Postpartum Depression in Louisiana, United States, 2023 Health Of Women And Children Report

Percentage of women with a recent live birth who reported experiencing depressive symptoms

United States

 CDC, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System or state equivalent

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About Postpartum Depression

US Value: 12.7%

Top State(s): Vermont: 8.7%

Bottom State(s): Idaho: 25.4%

Definition: Percentage of women with a recent live birth who reported experiencing depressive symptoms

Data Source and Years: CDC, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System or state equivalent, 2021

Suggested Citation: America's Health Rankings analysis of CDC, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System or state equivalent, United Health Foundation,, accessed 2023.

Postpartum depression occurs following pregnancy and delivery. It is one of the most common medical complications during the six months following childbirth and is associated with adverse outcomes for both mother and child. 

Postpartum depressive symptoms include feeling sad, pessimistic or angry, crying frequently, having difficulty sleeping, feeling disconnected from the baby and worrying about hurting the baby. A history of depression, anxiety or mood disorders is the biggest risk factor for postpartum depression. Other risk factors include stressful or traumatic life events during pregnancy, traumatic birth experiences and negative early breastfeeding experiences.

Maternal depression symptoms can affect early infant development and lead to long-term problems for the child, such as impaired cognitive and language development, behavioral issues and poor sleep quality.

The prevalence of postpartum depression is higher among:

  • American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian/Pacific Islander and Black women compared with non-Hispanic white and Hispanic women.
  • Women under 24 compared with older women.
  • Women with lower educational attainment compared with those with higher levels of education. 
  • Unmarried women compared with married women.
  • Women who smoke during the peripartum or postpartum period.
  • Women who give birth to low birth weight infants and infants requiring neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission.
  • Women who experience three or more stressful life events in the year before birth compared with those with less stress.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that providers screen for postpartum depression and anxiety as part of the comprehensive postpartum visit. Screening for postpartum depression has been found to be cost-effective

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends that providers refer pregnant and postpartum persons at increased risk of perinatal depression to counseling interventions. Studies have found that postpartum depression may be prevented through supportive and psychological care following childbirth, including home visits, peer support and interpersonal therapy. Examples of evidence-based programs include the Mothers and Babies Program and Reach Out, Stay Strong, Essentials for mothers of newborns.

Treatment for postpartum depression can also include antidepressants. In 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first treatment specifically for postpartum depression, an intravenous injection. In August of 2023, they approved the first oral medication for treating postpartum depression.

Healthy People 2030 has an objective to increase the proportion of women who are screened for postpartum depression at their postpartum checkups.

Bauman, Brenda L., Jean Y. Ko, Shanna Cox, Denise V. D’Angelo, MPH, Lee Warner, Suzanne Folger, Heather D. Tevendale, Kelsey C. Coy, Leslie Harrison, and Wanda D. Barfield. “Vital Signs: Postpartum Depressive Symptoms and Provider Discussions About Perinatal Depression — United States, 2018.” MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 69, no. 19 (May 15, 2020): 575–81.

Ip, Stanley, Mei Chung, Gowri Raman, Priscilla Chew, Nombulelo Magula, Deirdre DeVine, Thomas Trikalinos, and Joseph Lau. “Breastfeeding and Maternal and Infant Health Outcomes in Developed Countries.” AHRQ Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 153. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, April 2007.

Ko, Jean Y., Karilynn M. Rockhill, Van T. Tong, Brian Morrow, and Sherry L. Farr. “Trends in Postpartum Depressive Symptoms — 27 States, 2004, 2008, and 2012.” MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 66, no. 6 (2017).

Slomian, Justine, Germain Honvo, Patrick Emonts, Jean-Yves Reginster, and Olivier Bruyère. “Consequences of Maternal Postpartum Depression: A Systematic Review of Maternal and Infant Outcomes.” Women’s Health 15 (January 1, 2019): 1745506519844044.

Stewart, Donna E., E. Robertson, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Sherry L. Grace, and Tamara Wallington. “Postpartum Depression: Literature Review of Risk Factors and Interventions.” Toronto: University Health Network Women’s Health Program for Toronto Public Health, October 2003.

Stewart, Donna E., and Simone Vigod. “Postpartum Depression.” Edited by Caren G. Solomon. New England Journal of Medicine 375, no. 22 (December 2016): 2177–86.

Stuebe, Alison, Tamika Auguste, and Martha Gulati. “ACOG Committee Opinion No. 736: Optimizing Postpartum Care.” Obstetrics & Gynecology 131, no. 5 (May 2018): e140–50.

Watkins, Stephanie, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Denniz Zolnoun, and Alison Stuebe. “Early Breastfeeding Experiences and Postpartum Depression.” Obstetrics & Gynecology 118, no. 2 (August 2011): 214–21.

Wilkinson, Andra, Seri Anderson, and Stephanie B. Wheeler. “Screening for and Treating Postpartum Depression and Psychosis: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.” Maternal and Child Health Journal 21, no. 4 (April 2017): 903–14.

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