America's Health Rankings, United Health Foundation Logo


Low Disparities1

  • Between females2 and males2 for unemployment
  • Between females2 and males2 for child poverty
  • Between metropolitan2 and non-metropolitan2 areas for low birthweight

High Disparities

  • Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for physical inactivity
  • Between Black2 and Asian/Pacific Islander3 for premature death
  • Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for high health status

[1] Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
[2] Rates worse than national average
[3] Rates better than national average.


  • 20% decrease in Infant Mortality in white infants between 2003- 2006 and 2015-2018 from 6.0 to 4.8 infant deaths (before age 1) per 1,000 live births
  • 33% decrease in Unemployment in Hispanic civilians between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 7.3% to 4.9%
  • 28% decrease in Avoided Care Due to Cost in Black adults between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 26.1% to 18.7%
  • 15% increase in Premature Death in American Indian/Alaska Native population between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 4,988 to 5,757 years of potential life lost before age 75 per 100,000
  • 75% increase in Food Insecurity in households headed by a college graduate between 2003-2007 and 2015-2019 from 2.8% to 4.9%
  • 13% increase in Physical Inactivity in adults with some college education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 23.0% to 25.9%


Income Inequality

Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In Florida, income inequality has decreased since 2011. Florida’s ratio is currently lower than the national ratio.

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