America's Health Rankings, United Health Foundation Logo


Low Disparities1

  • Between non-metropolitan3 and metropolitan3 areas for child poverty
  • Between females3 and males3 for able-bodied adults
  • Between white3 and Hispanic3 for asthma

High Disparities

  • Between those with less than a high school education2 and college graduates3 for high health status
  • Between Black2 white3 for severe housing problems
  • Between females3 and males2 for premature death

[1] Low disparities within a state does not indicate that all populations are doing well. Consider rates in comparison to national averages.
[2] Rates worse than national average.
[3] Rates same or better than national average.


  • 31% decrease among those with Less Than a High School Education in the female population between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 10.2% to 7.0%
  • 43% decrease in Unemployment in Black civilians between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 15.7% to 9.0%
  • 17% decrease in Smoking in adults with some college education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 19.1% to 15.8%
  • 26% increase in Depression in adults with a high school education between 2011-2013 and 2017-2019 from 16.0% to 20.2%
  • 16% increase in Poverty in male-headed households between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 from 7.0% to 8.1%
  • 30% increase in Low Birthweight in American Indian/Alaska Native infants between 2003-2006 and 2016-2019 from 6.0% to 7.8%


Income Inequality

Income inequality measures the ratio of median household income of the 20% richest to the 20% poorest. A high ratio indicates greater income inequality. Research demonstrates an association between greater income disparity and poorer population health.
In Wisconsin, income inequality has decreased since 2011. Wisconsin’s ratio is currently lower than the national ratio.

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